Tephra inversion with Tephra2 and the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm
27 Jan 2022
We couple the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm (Hastings, 1970) with the volcanic ash transport model Tephra2 (Bonadonna et al, 2005; 2010), and present the coupled algorithm as a new method to estimate the Eruption Source Parameters (ESPs) of volcanic eruptions based on mass per unit area...
Workshop on the Impacts associated with the primary fallout of volcanic ash and subsequent aeolian remobilisation, Consensual Document
27 Jan 2022 | Publications
The inherent complexity associated with volcanic eruptions and their relationship with societies requires innovative strategies about how we assess and manage risk. The 2011 Cordón Caulle eruption (2011-CC) demonstrated the additional complexity associated with secondary hazards and...
Workshop on Wind-remobilisation processes of volcanic ash, Consensual Document
27 Jan 2022 | Publications
Explosive volcanic eruptions can eject large quantities of tephra into the atmosphere that can be dispersed and deposited over wide areas. Whilst the hazardous consequences of primary tephra fallout are well known, subsequent remobilisation of ash by aeolian processes can continue to present an...
A new method to identify the vent location of tephra fall deposits based on thickness or maximum clast size measurements (SVL)
17 Apr 2018 | Offline Tools
This tool presents a new method to identify the vent location of tephra fall deposits based on thickness or maximum clast size measurements. It is temporarily named "svl", which is short for Source Vent Locator. The method estimates the vent location by coupling semi-empirical models...
INQUA–INTAV International Field Conference and Workshop: Crossing New Frontiers
14 Mar 2018 | Workshops
The INQUA International Focus Group on Tephrochronology and Volcanism (INTAV) cordially invites you to participate in the Crossing New Frontiers - Tephra Hunt in Transylvania international field conference that aims to continue the long tradition of very successful inter-INQUA congress tephra...
Mono-Inyo Tephra Database
01 Aug 2017 | Data Sets/Collections
The Mono-Inyo Craters is a zone of active volcanism in California, USA, that extends from Mammoth Mountain and Long Valley caldera in the south to the islands of Mono Lake in the north. This resource provides the citation for the Mono-Inyo tephra database. The database can...
2017 AGU Fall Meeting Session - V036: Volcanic Ash—Generation, Transport, Impacts, and Applications
20 Jun 2017 | Miscellaneous
Dear all,We invite you to submit an abstract to our session and look forward to you joining us at AGU 2017 in New Orleans, December 11 - 15, 2017.V036: Volcanic Ash—Generation, Transport, Impacts, and ApplicationSession ID#:...
Tephra 2017 Workshop : Best practices in tephra collection, analysis, and reporting leading toward better tephra databases
15 Jun 2017 | Workshops
Best practices in tephra collection, analysis, and reporting: Leading toward better tephra databasesThis is a page for the Tephra 2017 workshop, held in Portland, OR, 19 August 2017. The workshop was a follow-on to the Tephra 2014 workshop, held 3-7 August 2014, also in...
TephraProb: a Matlab package for probabilistic hazard assessments of tephra fallout
15 Sep 2016 | Offline Tools
Download the code on GitHub: https://github.com/e5k/TephraProbFollow updates on: https://e5k.github.io/TephraProb is a toolbox of Matlab functions designed to produce scenario–based probabilistic hazard assessments for ground tephra accumulation. The toolbox includes a series of...
Maar-diatremes - a course module
27 Jan 2022 | Educational Materials
Maar-diatremes are one of the most common volcanic landforms on Earth, and represent an end-member type of volcano whose eruptions are dominated by explosive, subsurface magma-water interaction. Thus they should form an important component of volcanology courses. The recent decade has...
Tephra isopach, extent and volume calculation in R
27 Jan 2022 | Offline Tools
The method presented here is used to interpolate the thickness distribution of tephra fall deposits from point measurements. It first reconstructs the general thickness decay pattern, or "trend," and then models the residuals that cannot be explained by the trend with...
A Matlab implementation of the Carey and Sparks (1986) model
27 Jan 2022 | Offline Tools
Download the code on GitHub: https://github.com/e5k/CareySparks86_MatlabFollow updates on: https://e5k.github.io/ This file is a Matlab implementation of the Carey and Sparks (1986) model to estimate i) the plume height above sampling altitude and ii) the wind speed at the...
Tephra 2014-2020 Document Repository
01 Jul 2015 | Publications
Beginning with the consensus document (with three appendices) resulting from the Tephra 2014 Workshop, this is the document repository for the Tephra 2014, 2017 and 2019 Workshops on standardization.The immediate goal of the tephra standardization effort is to translate checklists...
Spread sheet to calculate tephra volume for exponential thinning
10 Apr 2015 | Offline Tools
An Excel spread sheet and instructions are provided to calculate tephra volume for exponential thinning on a log(thickness) versus square root of area plot. The spread sheet calculates volumes for a single straight line and for two straight lines. The equations for the calculations are from...
Tephra 2014 Field Trip Guide
08 Dec 2014 | Publications
Guidebook for the field trip to Mount Saint Helens conducted 4-August-2014 as part of the Tephra 2014 workshop.
Underwater volcano disaster - an Oxford Sparks Animation
19 Mar 2014 | Educational Materials
A short (2 minute) animation of a subduction zone and volcano, introducing the processes involved in subduction, melting and volcanism.This animation can be used as a stand alone item, or in a classroom. We have developed some class activities around an exercise in volcano monitoring at an...
2nd IUGG-WMO Workshop on Ash Dispersal Forecast and Civil Aviation, Consensual Document
18 Feb 2014 | Workshops
An international expert community of volcano observatories, academic scientists, volcanic ash advisory centres and representatives of aviation regulators, engine manufacturers and airlines met in Geneva on 18-20 November 2013 to discuss progress on ash dispersal forecasting and produce a roadmap...
TOTGS: Total grainsize distribution of tephra fallout
20 Jan 2014 | Offline Tools
NOTE The code is now maintained on GitHub: https://github.com/e5k/TOTGS Follow updates on: https://e5k.github.io/ Quantifying the total grainsize distribution (TGSD) is a necessary step to achieve a thorough characterization of a given tephra deposit. Several methods exist to...
Tephra 2014 - Maximizing the potential of tephra for multidisciplinary science
27 Jan 2022 | Workshops
Tephra deposits are used by diverse communities: volcanologists, petrologists, tephrochronologists, paleoclimatologists, paleoecologists and archaeologists. To perhaps be too reductionist, volcanologists are generally interested in tephra to understand eruption behavior, frequency, and hazards;...
Eruption data for ash-cloud model validation
27 Jan 2022 | Data Sets/Collections
This is a collection of data, references, and links to data on well-documented eruptions whose observations can be used to validate ash-cloud transport models. Data include, among other things, plume height, duration, erupted volume, satellite observations, numerical wind fields, and grain-size...