Structural architecture and the episodic evolution of the ediacaran Campo Alegre Basin (southern Brazil): Implications for the development of a synorogenic foreland rift and a post-collisional caldera volcano

By Lucas Martins Lino1, Francy Roxana Quiroz-Valle1, Vinicius Abud louro1, Miguel Ângelo Stipp Basei1, Silvio Roberto Farias Vlach1, Mathias Hueck1, Patricio Rodrigo Montecinos Munõz1, Sérgio Brandolise Citroni2

1. Universidade de São Paulo 2. Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro

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Abstract

During the last decades, tectonic models provided new insight into the evolution of the Luis Alves, Curitiba, and Paranaguá terranes, which are all limited by thrust and transpressive shear zones, nowadays outcropping only as deep crustal horizons and presenting poorly known lateral displacements. An essential puzzle piece to understanding the juxtaposition processes and evolution of these blocks in the Neoproterozoic lies in the Campo Alegre Basin in Southern Brazil, a volcano-sedimentary sequence deposited during the middle to late Ediacaran. Based on new U–Pb geochronological, structural, and aero-geophysical data, at least two main stages of filling and subsidence have been identified in this region, namely the basin and the caldera stages. In the Basin Stage, the regional collisional tectonics triggered the far-field stress resulting in a local extension at ~605 ± 5 Ma through the reactivation of NNW-SSE inherited basement structures. The deposition of the sedimentary basin finishes with the Initial Volcanic Activity, corresponding to a bimodal mildly alkaline, predominantly mafic and effusive volcanism. After the transition to a post-collisional setting, probably at ca. 595 Ma, regional extension led to the Caldera Stage of the basin, which had its volcanic peak at ca. 583-580 Ma, contemporaneous with the intrusive A-type magmatism of the nearby Graciosa Province. The Main Volcanic Activity corresponds to a predominantly alkaline silica-saturated, effusive to explosive magmatic manifestation culminating with the formation of a caldera-volcano. The volcanic products from both the initial and the main volcanic activities were raised to the surface mainly through NNW-SSE and ENE-WSW oriented conduits, respectively reactivated and neo-formed during the collisional process. The crustal-scaled discontinuities associated with the development of the sedimentary basin have further controlled the subsidence of the caldera structure, which might be the main mechanism of preservation for these ancient volcano-sedimentary sequences in the evolution of the Campo Alegre Basin.

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Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Lucas Martins Lino; Francy Roxana Quiroz-Valle; Vinicius Abud louro; Miguel Ângelo Stipp Basei; Silvio Roberto Farias Vlach; Mathias Hueck; Patricio Rodrigo Montecinos Munõz; Sérgio Brandolise Citroni (2021), "Structural architecture and the episodic evolution of the ediacaran Campo Alegre Basin (southern Brazil): Implications for the development of a synorogenic foreland rift and a post-collisional caldera volcano," https://vhub.org/resources/4660.

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