Everglades

I think there are very little people, whi never heard about Everglades. This area can give us a lot of information about Earth's history, hot it was forming and what nature power created todays lanscape.  essaywriter.org provides a lot of usefull information to explore. This article I found there.

Everglades is the largest tropical eco-region in the United States, one fifth of the territory, which is under the protection of the Everglades National Park in Florida.

Everglades includes nine ecosystems, including grass-covered sword steppe, mangrove forests, cypress swamps and rocky ridges dotted with pine trees. The region abounds with a variety of flora and fauna, many of which are unique. Everglades - the area of ​​rare natural beauty, directly related to the environmental health of Florida. In the past century, the region suffered because of result of human activities and are now making great efforts to restore the damage.

Everglades system begins in the north of the State of Florida with the Kissimmee River, which extends to the south and empties into Lake Okeechobee - second-largest freshwater lake in the United States. During the rainy season, the lake follows Neboli Scheu stream, forming a huge pool, which floods the region, and in a drought dries up and can even lead to the brightening of Rania. All ecosystems are interconnected Everglades - swamp covered with a sword-grass, interspersed with deep ponds, canals and dense thickets, and in the place where the ocean meets the swamp, Everglades turns into a shallow system of mangrove forests and islands.

These different ecosystems are home to 260 species of birds and different species of animals - from alligators, crocodiles, snakes and other reptiles to bobcat and deer. In the wild, inhabited by 15 species, endangered species, among them - the sea turtle, and West Indian manatee. Thousands of years in the Everglades callus Indians lived, who travel long distances in the region by canoe. However, unfortunately, after the relocation of the Spaniards in 1513 this nation was completely destroyed by European diseases.

European settlers destroyed the fragile ecosystem of the Everglades, draining large and, in their opinion, useless swamps and clearing the territory for agriculture and urban sprawl. Also, the wild damage caused uncontrolled hunting, handling fertilizers marshy land in the 20-ies of XX century the impact on the flora of the region, and the construction of the Hoover Dam on Lake Okeechobee in the 30s led to the disruption of the seasonal rhythms of the region.

Fortunately, the United States government realized that the Everglades is on the verge of extinction, and in 1947 to protect the region from further destruction Everglades National Park was established, which later became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. December 11, 2000, President Bill Clinton signed a comprehensive plan for the Everglades restoration, ushering in the world's largest recovery program environment.

Nowadays, Everglades National Park is visited by over a million tourists a year. Florida State Government is spending millions of dollars on the protection and restoration of wilderness areas, and now his future looks much more favorable than in previous years.

About the Author: Hanna Maepog is a blogger. She is from Hawaii.

  1. Standard: Earth & Space Science: Earth’s history (origin evolution)