Knowledge Base

Using Submit

Submit functionality enables qualified users to execute certain codes on the compute cluster. In order to use submit functionality, you must have access to the HUBzero Workspace and be a member of the Submit group. These notes describe how to run simple tests of the submit command on the HUBzero instance. All submit commands are run from the HUBzero Workspace command line (alternately, Jupyter Terminal or noVNC terminal).


  1. Basic information
  2. Prerequisites
  3. Running remote submit
  4. Debugging and metrics
  5. Specifying cores and nodes
  6. Worked examples
  7. More information

Basic information

For submit usage information and information about configured venues, managers, or tools, type the help command:

$ submit --help venues | managers | tools

Available venues

We have defined several submit venues for general-compute and debug partitions on the CCR cluster. Use "submit --help" to list them, for example:

$ submit --help venues Currently available VENUES are: u2-grid u2-grid-debug

Specifying the venue in your submit call, with the -v switch, will determine the characteristics of the nodes where your job will be scheduled by the resource manager, Slurm. These parameters are handled behind the scenes in configuration scripts.

The debug partition's nodes have a smaller number of cores per node and a limited walltime (1 hour); these are useful for ensuring the overall soundness of your call; the general-compute nodes (u2-grid and ccr-ghub venues) have up to 40 cores per node and a 72-hour walltime limit.

Refer to CCR cluster documentation for further information about SLURM job scheduler, cluster partitions, and other particulars of the compute cluster.

Choosing a venue

You may not have access to all venues that are listed. If you are running GHub jobs, please use the ccr-ghub venues; if you are running VHub jobs, please use the u2-grid venues.

Default partition processors-per-node

Default cores per node values are set as follows for the submit venues. Consult "Submit parameters" for how to override these cores per node values on the command line.

default cores
per node
u2-grid general-compute 8
u2-grid-debug debug 2
ccr-ghub general-compute 8
ccr-ghub-debug debug 2
Maximum active jobs

This gateway is a shared resource, and all job submissions to the cluster run under a common user. The following maximum active job counts are enforced on submit. Note that your job may be held silently if you have submitted too many!

active jobs
u2-grid general-compute 300
u2-grid-debug debug 2
ccr-ghub general-compute 300
ccr-ghub-debug debug 2


In order to use submit functionality, you must have access to the HUBzero Workspace (or the Jupyter Terminal or noVNC terminal) and be a member of the Submit group.

To try out submit functionality, first write a very simple, executable shell script to call for the example below.

Submit will not permit you to execute an arbitrary shell command (such as "ls" or "echo"). If you want to submit arbitrary commands, write them in a shell script and submit the script from your home directory (or a subdirectory thereof). might contain:

	echo hello

Ensure your script is marked executable:

$ chmod a+x $ ls -l <xmp> -rwxrwxrwx 1 jmsperhac public 35 Jan 2 13:29

Ensure your script runs in place as intended:

$ ./ hello

Running remote submit

First, you can verify that submit is properly configured for a local call. Local calls execute directly on the HUBzero webserver. Ensure you invoke your script in the same way that you did above in 'Prerequisites'. Here we assume that the script is in the current directory.

$ submit --debug --local ./

Next, test submit on an available venue. This call will submit your job to a venue called "u2-grid" on the CCR compute cluster:

$ submit --debug --venue u2-grid ./

Note that the "./" is required for submit to properly execute the script.

As before, invoke your script in the same way that you did above in 'Prerequisites'. Here, the -w parameter requests a job walltime of 10 minutes rather than the default 1 hour. We assume that the script is in the current directory.

$ submit -v u2-grid -w 10 ./

Further submit parameters are explained in the HUBzero submit documentation.

Inputs to your job

Some jobs require input files, either data, or source files that must be compiled.

To specify a single input file, use the -i parameter in your submit call and the file will be sent along with your job. For example, to send input.dat as an input file:

$ submit -v u2-grid -i input.dat ./

To specify more than one input file, omit the -i parameter, and instead list all the files, separated by spaces, after the executable, and they will be available during execution of your job. For example, to send file1.dat, file2.dat, file3.c as inputs:

$ submit -v u2-grid ./ file1.dat file2.dat file3.c

Standard and error output

Submit retrieves any output from your job's run on the cluster back to your home directory on the gateway--you don't need to do anything special to retrieve your output.

For the simple examples described above, submit will create two files, one with file suffix .stdout, and one with .stderr. The file prefix is the submit id of the job (For example, submit id 3918 in the figure below). A file containing the output of the command will be created in your current directory, with the file extension .stdout. If any error is returned, a file containing the error will be created in your current directory, with the file extension .stderr.


For more complex situations, any object files you compile, or output files you generate, will also be returned to your home directory on the gateway when the submit job is complete.

Debugging and metrics

Returning metrics

Use submit's command line option -M to return metrics from a submitted job. See the example figure below.

submit with metrics

Here, you see information on the exit state of your job (status=0 is success), the submit id (4125) SLURM job number (5146197), and the number of cores (CPUs) it used (16). This is a brief and informative option for your submit job.

Debugging submit

The debug command line option (--debug) displays the protocol, host, and port, and indicates the status of authentication to the cluster machine. It enables you to see the communications between the HUBzero webserver and the cluster machine and track the submission, execution, and completion of the submitted job. It also provides the job number ("Run number").

Here is a successful example with submit id 3785, and slurm id 5026580:


Specifying cores and nodes

When submitting a job to the cluster you may request a total number of cores, and the number of cores per node, that your job needs. Submit will infer from these parameters the total number of nodes to request and place these parameters in the run script it sends to the cluster for execution.

Before you use these parameters, please consult CCR cluster documentation to ensure you are calling for appropriate node and core counts for the partition you are using. Start small, and test on debug first!

Submit parameters

The submit parameters for total core count and cores per node can be specified on the command line.

Total number of cores: n or nCpus

This integer parameter specifies the total number of cores (equivalently, processors, or CPUs) that your job requests. The total number of cores is specified on the submit command line by:

-n or --nCpus See this simple example.
Number of cores per node: N or ppn

This parameter specifies the integer number of cores per node that your job requests. Count of cores in each node is specified on the submit command line by:

-N or --ppn

A default number of cores per node is defined for the submit venue. Specifying a ppn value on the command line will override that default. See this simple example.

Total number of nodes

There's no submit parameter for total number of nodes; it's computed from n/N = nCpus/ppn. The default is always 1.

Submit to slurm translation

CCR uses a job scheduler called SLURM; when you prepare a submit script, submit creates a SLURM script that schedules your job on the cluster. Here's how core and node count parameters compare:

submit param slurm param definition
N | ppn | remotePpn ntasks-per-node number of cores per node, for job
n | nCpus   total number of cores, for job
n/N nodes total number of nodes, for job

Putting it together

Here's a quick example to show how core count and node count parameters work in submit. Suppose we have a simple shell script called Let's submit it to the cluster just to see how the request works.


The submit command line (requesting N=8 cores per node, n=16 cores in total):

submit -M -v u2-grid-debug -N 8 -n 16 ./


submit -M -v u2-grid-debug --ppn 8 --nCpus 16 ./
SLURM script and output

The SLURM script prepared by submit contains the following parameters:

#SBATCH --partition debug
#SBATCH --nodes=2-2
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=8

SLURM accounting output shows the cores and nodes requested for the job. Here's what SLURM reported for the allocated nodes and CPUs. You can see that submit requested 2 nodes ("AllocNodes"), and 8 cpus per node, for 16 cpus in total ("AllocCPUS"):

	JobID Partition AllocNodes NodeList AllocCPUS State ExitCode Start
	------------ ---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- ---------- -------- -------------------
	5146197 debug 2 cpn-k08-41... 16 COMPLETED 0:0 2016-03-11T10:07:46 
Job output

Output and any error files will be created in the current directory and named after the local submit id, with file suffixes .stdout and .stderr. For the example job shown below, the job number is 4125, so the output file will be called 00004125.stdout.

Submit metrics

Finally, since the call was made with the metrics (-M) parameter, we can see the submit job number (4125), SLURM job number (5146197), successful exit code (0), and number of cores (CPUs) used (16) listed on the command line itself:

submit with metrics

Worked examples

We have developed concrete examples of using the submit command to run jobs on CCR's academic compute cluster. These examples enable qualified users to compile and execute "Hello World" test jobs from the gateway's command line. Try and adapt these examples in order to run your own codes on the cluster, using C or Fortran, MPI, and multiple nodes and cores. An example of using parameter sweeps (parallel jobs with varying input values) is also included.

More information

For additional information about the submit command, refer to the HUBzero submit documentation.

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